In case of any kind of art – a form of expression it is virtually impossible compare and provide a grade to that of any particular culture of sub culture. In case of Islamic art is even more difficult to establish a common denominator for all of the artistic expressions of the Islamic peoples. To develop one, it would have to envelope and be meaningful for not just miniature painting and historiography, but also for a musical mode and the form of a poem.
However in case of Indian art the connotations of their artistic expressions are also religious. Islam, like most prophetic religions, is not conducive to fine arts. Contrarily the representation of living beings is prohibited–not in the Qur’an but in the prophetic tradition. Thus, the center of the Islamic artistic tradition lies in calligraphy, a distinguishing feature of this culture, in which the word as the medium of divine revelation plays such an important role. “at the doors of the bathhouses,” according to later Persian poetry.
The center of Islamic religion is the clean place for prayer, enlarged into the mosque, which comprises the community and all its needs. Of all the recognizable periods of Islamic art, the early period of the Umayyad and Abbasid dynasties is by far the most difficult one to explain properly, even though it is quite well documented. There are two reasons for this difficulty.
On the one hand, it was a formative period, a time when new forms were created that identify the aesthetic and practical ideals of the new culture. Such periods are difficult to define when, as in the case of Islam, there was no artistic need inherent to the culture itself.